Cultural Routes


Caminos de Santiago de Compostela: French Way and Roads of northern Spain

Initially nominated in 1993, it continues with nominations in 1998 and 2015 as a World Heritage. Throughout the middle Ages, Santiago de Compostela was the most important place of pilgrimage in Christianity, where thousands of devotees from all over Europe attended. The routes that the pilgrims traveled, before arriving in Compostela, are marked with important historical monuments and distinguished by the shell of Santiago.


Frankincense Route in the Négev

Nominated in 2005 as a World Heritage, the Frankincense Route in the Negev Desert contains the four ancient Nabataean cities of Avdat, Haluza, Mamshit Kurnub and Shivta, as well as a number of fortresses and agricultural landscapes, marking the itineraries of the route they traveled, incense and spices to their final destination: the Mediterranean basin.


Camino Real de Tierra Adentro

Nominated in 2010 as a World Heritage, this section of the Camino Real Intercontinental, extends over 1400 km., from Mexico City to Valle de Allende in the State of Chihuahua, Mexico. The Camino Real, is named during the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries, times of the pre-eminence of the Spanish Empire and runs through the territories that this state possessed. Its study and conservation, is a source of knowledge of the various cultural processes, both tangible and intangible that produced a new cultural expression in various parts of the world.


The Silk Road

Nominated in 2014 as World Heritage, contains a central area of 42668.16 Ha. It took shape between the 2nd century BC and 1st century AD and remained in use until the 16th century, linking multiple civilizations and facilitating far-reaching exchanges of activities in trade, religious beliefs, scientific knowledge, technological innovation, cultural practices and the arts, thanks to the silk trade.


Qhapaq Ñan or The Lord's Way

Nominated in 2014 as World Heritage. It is a vast road network of about 24,000 km built over several centuries by the Incas with a view to facilitating communications, transport and commerce as well as for defensive purposes. This extraordinary road system extends across one of the world’s most contrasting geographical areas.